Capital of Nepal – What is the Nepal

Capital of Nepal : Kathmandu was founded by King Gunakamadeva in the year 723. The city was under the Malla dynasty from the 12th to the 17th century and came under the Gorkha Empire in 1768. Kathmandu is also known as the city of temples. Many temples here are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In recent years, Kathmandu has created political instability and sparked protests. In this article we will give complete information about Nepal.

Capital of Nepal

The city of peace Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu is a beautiful country situated in the lap of Himalayas. It is also known as Kantipur. Kathmandu is a city surrounded by mountains on all sides, the city is attractive, busy, bustling, quiet, lively and sleepy. Kathmandu is also the only metropolitan city in Nepal. 

Kathmandu is home to over 1.5 million people. The city is situated at an altitude of 1400 meters or 4600 feet above sea level, which maintains pleasant weather throughout the year. It is spread over an area of ​​665 sq.km. The natural beauty of the city is enough for travelers to come to Kathmandu year after year, which sets it apart from other tourist destinations.

Naming the city of Kathmandu

Kathmandu was earlier known as Manju Patan. The city was named Kathmandu after a temple built by Raja Laxmina Singh in 1596. Which was constructed from the wood of just one tree.

The name of the city of Kathmandu means wooden temple. Kath means wood. Even now this building is situated in the middle of the city. Which was originally built for the stay of the sadhus.

Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah abolished the Malla Republic in 1768 and established Gorkhali Nepal State. Nepal was ruled by the Shah family of the Gorkha dynasty from 1768 to 2008. Democracy was established in 2008 with the end of the monarchy.

Major places of interest in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal

Kathmandu is a city of temples, there are many philosophical places here, as well as there are 7 world heritage sites which are as follows –

1- Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupatinath Temple is one of the holiest Hindu temples in Nepal. Pashupatinath Temple is situated on the banks of the beautiful and holy Bagmati River on the eastern side of Kathmandu. The grand sanctum sanctorum dedicated to Lord Shiva attracts thousands of devotees who come to offer their prayers and seek his blessings.

Spread over a large area with temples and ashrams, it is believed that the Jyotirlinga located in the Pashupatinath temple is the head of the body which is made up of twelve Jyotirlingas in India. In 1979, the magnificent temple has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Hundreds of small and big Shiva lingas are present in the temple premises. Guheshwari Temple is situated on the banks of the Bagmati river at some distance from here. This temple is dedicated to Mother Sati, who sacrificed her life after being buried in the Havan Kund of her father, King Daksha Prajapati.

2- Living Devi Kumari Temple

A living virgin girl is worshiped in this temple. Because according to Hindu tradition, she is believed to be an incarnation of the divine feminine energy, the goddess Taleju. It is believed that the divine powers of the goddess go in the same virgin girl. After a stringent round of selection, the chosen virgin girl lives in a sacred palace called Kumari Behl and is worshiped as the living goddess of Nepal until menstruation begins.

3- Swayambhunath Stupa

Situated on the top of the Semgu hill on the outskirts of the Kathmandu Valley to the west, the Swayambhu Temple is one of the most important religious temples of the city of Kathmandu. With a white dome stupa and a series of temples, this place attracts people every day. It is a common practice among pilgrims to circumambulate the temple in a clockwise direction as it is believed to wash away all sins.

The sanctum sanctorum is one of the holiest sites among Buddhists and Tibetans and second only to Lord Buddha for them.

Also known as Swayambhunath Temple, Swayambhunath Stupa and Swayambhu Maha Chaitya, this holy place of worship has been in existence for many centuries.

Swayambhunath Stupa is situated on a hill 3 km west of Kathmandu. According to the belief, this Buddhist stupa was built on its own 2000 years ago.

4- Boudhanath Stupa

Located at a distance of about 11 kilometers from the city center of Kathmandu, Boudhanath Stupa stands out on the Kathmandu skyline with its enormous circular shape. Thousands of pilgrims from different religions gather here every day. They perform a ritualistic circumnavigation, known as the ‘Kora’ of the giant dome. It is believed that whoever circumambulates the Stupa without bad thoughts in his heart, gets good deeds. Also the gates of hell are permanently closed for them!

The vast mandal of this magisterial stupa makes it the largest in Nepal and the continent. In 1979, Boudhanath Stupa was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Boudhanath Stupa has acquired many names throughout the years including Buddha Stupa, Chorten Chempo, Chaitya, Jarung Khashor and Khasti. The entire complex of the stupa has 50 Tibetan monasteries, known as gompas, which have been serving as shelters for Tibetan refugees since 1959. This stupa is said to be the place where the relics of Kaspa Buddha rested.

5- Changu Narayan, Bhaktapur

According to history, Changu Narayan is probably the oldest temple in Nepal. Its inscriptions date back to the 3rd century AD. The stone pillars near the main entrance date back to around 464 AD when King Manadeva of the Lichchavi dynasty was ruling Nepal. On the pillar, there are elaborate inscriptions about Manadeva’s military exploits and other stories. The date of establishment is considered to be 325 AD during the time of Lichchavi king Hari Datta Varma, as this era is one of the most culturally rich in the history of Nepal.

6- Durbar Square, Bhaktapur

Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was once home to the royal family of Bhaktapur. Known locally as Khwapa or the ancient Neva city, visitors can explore the entire complex which includes four distinct squares – Toumadhi Square, Durbar Square, Pottery Square and Dattatreya Square. Distinctive findings here are the Bhaktapur royal palaces as well as several temples and other ancient structures that date back to the 17th and 18th centuries.

7- Patan Durbar Square

There is uncertainty about the origin of Patan Durbar Square. While the popular general belief is that the Malla kings are credited for its existence, there are other conflicting legends as well. Some consider it to be an important main square, which ruled before the Mallas.

However, the role of the Malla kings in the renovation and development of the square is undeniable. Most of the structures of the square were built in the late 17th century during the reign of King Siddhi Narasimha Malla and then his son Srinivasa Sukriti. Some improvements were also made by future Malla kings such as Purandarasimha, Shivasingh and Yognarendra.

Kathmandu Durbar Square, Kathmandu Overview

Kathmandu Durbar Square The place that has seen and received kings successive kings when they ruled Nepal long ago, new rulers were crowned, while the steady beat of drums and trumpets filled the space . Regal Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of the three Durbar Squares in the country. To this day, this place is the most remarkable legacy of the traditional architecture of Kathmandu. Even though the unfortunate earthquake of 2015 took its toll on the building and nearly half a dozen places within the campus collapsed, it has retained its original glory. The three squares – a former elephant stable Basantpur Square, the main Durbar Square to the west and the other part of the Durbar Square containing the entrance to the Hanuman Dhoka, which are loosely connected, form the Durbar Square area.

Top 10 Natural Landmarks of Kathmandu

Amitabha Monastery Hike

Amitabha Math is also called Seto Gumba, which means ‘white monastery’ in the local language. The breathtaking monastery is built of white stones, which gives it an ancient façade. The walls are decorated with local murals and frescoes depicting the life of Buddha and Buddhist culture. The monument is also home to sacred sculptures made of medicinal clay. The stupa looks breathtaking at sunset! The route is very frequent, so you’ll also find some dependable hiking companions.

Kakani Hike

This grand route takes you through alpine forests to Kakani – a small village near Kathmandu. The trail is easy, steep and has very slight incline, making it easy to hike. If you want to relax, there are many picnic spots and roadside shops to take a quick break. Don’t miss to try the local cuisine in Kakani

Phulchowki Hike

Phulchowki is the highest hill in the Kathmandu Valley, which means that the view from the top is sure to be awe-inspiring! You will find hikers with you when you try to climb this hill. Your climb is surrounded by snow-capped mountains, exotic birds and high mountains on all sides. Once you reach the village, skip the trip to the botanical garden to spy some colorful, eclectic plants. You can stay in hotels or camp at designated places.

Nagarkot Hike

This hiking trail is preferred by enthusiasts because of the spectacular views of the Himalayas in Nagerkot. The Newari village of Sankhu is the starting point of the trek. Feel free to explore the culture and cuisine before visiting Nagerkot. You also have the option of camping at night. What else do you need.

Namobuddha Hike

This Buddhist temple is of great importance to tourists and devotees alike, as it depicts the story of Mahasatta, a prince who fed himself to a tigress and her cubs. Namobuddha’s Stupa exudes peace and tranquility and is a must visit. You can follow a small river from the town of Panauti, which looks breathtaking. If you’re lucky, you’ll find Nepalese farmers working and maybe even helping them!

Currency of Nepal

The Nepalese Rupee (NPR) is the national currency of Nepal. It is administered by Nepal’s central bank, Nepal Rastra Bank. The most common symbol used when referring to NPR is Rs, although sometimes RP is also used.

Presently the symbol of Nepalese Rupee is Rs. Its exchange price from Indian Rupee at present (July 2021) is 1 Nepalese Rupee = 0.63 Indian Rupee. Nepal Rashtra Bank prints Rupees in Nepal.

Prime Minister of Nepal

Sher Bahadur Deuba is the Prime Minister of Nepal at present. Before this, the Prime Minister of Nepal was KP Sharma Oli. The Prime Minister of Nepal for the longest time was Lokendra Bahadur Chandra. He was the Prime Minister of Nepal at the time of the monarchy.

List of Prime Ministers of Nepal from 2008 to 2021 –

(Before 2008, there was monarchy in Nepal)

Sr No               Year                  Prime Ministers of Nepal

1                    July 2021-            Sher Bahadur Deuba

2                   2018–2021                           KP Sharma Oli

3                  2015–2016                           KP Sharma Oli

4                  2013–2014                           Khil Raj Regmi

5                  2011–2013                           Baburam Bhattarai

6                 2011                                       Jhala Nath Khanal

7                2009–2011                           Madhav Kumar Nepal

8              2008–2009                           Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachand

 

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